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Study in Vietnam or study abroad: Part 3 - Options in the current integration trend

Vietnam is now an official member of ASEAN, APEC, ASEM, WTO and TPP. As of the end of 2016, the country has signed, implemented and is negotiating a total of 16 FTAs.

1. Trends in economic integration and education

The international economic integration, expanding trade relations with countries and organizations is an indispensable trend, an opportunity to promote Vietnam's economic development. But besides, it creates many challenges in many areas of economy, life and society.

The integration process in Vietnam has had a great impact on education. It is imperative to define a comprehensive educational strategy that responds to the drastic changes of the times. Education needs a fast, strong change in quantity and quality. As science and technology explode, every individual in the education system must be equipped with new knowledge, new skills, and adaptable to changing day by day. Information technology is a modern tool that plays a decisive role and must be widely used. In order to meet the global process, the creation of knowledge, transfer of knowledge and information must take place at a rapid and large scale.
To stay ahead of the trend and provide more accurate educational indicators, our education system needs to create a network linking education with manufacturing and labor markets across. world.

Developed nations have, over the past decade, conducted a comprehensive revision of their education and created a landmark change from teaching specialized knowledge to teaching self-education. . Learning can be done anywhere. The philosophy of "social learning" and "lifelong learning" is formed and maintained positively. However, learning knowledge requires practical application. They encourage creativity and prioritize practicality. These are the fruits that education in Vietnam should inherit and develop.
In addition to demanding educational reform, the education system needs to change backward traditional ideas, actively dialogue with the cultural dukes of humanity to diversify the cultural values ​​of the community. Dong.

Integration is raising the question of Vietnam's education reform, especially higher education.

2. Can higher education in Vietnam be internationally integrated?
In recent years, despite many reforms and innovations in educational content at all levels, it has not been effective, especially in higher education. Much of the education program influenced by previous socialist countries is no longer appropriate in the present context.

The content of knowledge is still theoretical, there is no link between the training objectives and the purpose of job search of learners. The program is heavy in quantity and duration. According to a statistic in 2015, in four years of university study, Vietnamese students study 2,138 hours, US students study 1,380 hours, so the curriculum in Vietnam is nearly twice as long as the United States. The duration of study is long but the number of subjects is also high, students have less time to study by themselves, study or participate in social activities.

A common notion of higher education is to equip learners with as much knowledge as possible, but not the learner at the center. The interaction between faculty and students, among students with limited. So in four years, most students do not know how or do they have a chance to improve their skills.

Universities do not have the knowledge and standards of education with national and international universities. Transitional or transfer of school is difficult.
In most countries with advanced education, they are capable of creating a large team of scientists with widely published research results. In Vietnam, the number of research centers is quite large, but the number of scientists and works published is too small. According to statistics of the Institute of Information Science (ISI), in the period 1996 - 2011, Vietnam has only 13,172 scientific publications published in peer-reviewed international journals, about one fifth of Thailand ( 69,637), 1/6 of Malaysia (75,530), and 1/10 of Singapore (126,881). Meanwhile, Vietnam's population is 17 times that of Singapore, 3 times that of Malaysia and nearly half of Thailand. Students are not interested in taking part in scientific research. Graduation theses are only the examinations required to pass them.

Over the past decade or so, universities have adopted a credible approach to teaching. However, this form of "rolling" does not reduce the length of the curriculum, not attract students to study.
The quality of the post-training human resource does not meet the practical needs because the school does not have links with companies, companies and the labor market. Most businesses are unhappy with the quality of their students being trained according to theoretical criteria, practical skills, foreign language proficiency and professional conduct.

The current situation is that the unemployment rate of the industry increases, the number of graduates to do business is increasing, the imbalance in supply and demand of the labor market more and more clear. The need to learn the right trades, find a good job is a legitimate need of young people. But is university education in Vietnam really a suitable choice in the process of integration and development today?
3. Options in the integration trend

For the ancients, examination is the path to establish a career. But in this modern society, want to set up a career there are countless different choices. You will be surprised if you know that in the world and in Vietnam right now, there are many successful and famous people even without university. Self-employment, apprenticeship, labor export, talent development and study abroad are common choices.
In some special cases, family circumstances do not allow for continuing education, you can work as a hired laborer in factories, restaurants and some manufacturing companies. There they do not require high skills or will train you when you start working. Or if there is a small savings, you can attend vocational training haircut, blending, cooking, nail, car repair, ... When college degrees are difficult to apply for jobs, the certificate Your career is an advantage.

Self-employment from your own niche is very popular among young people. You can make handmade items, make food or cut clothes for sale online. With the widespread popularity of social networking sites, especially Facebook, you can sell anything you want. If more funds are available, you may consider renting a store and selling what the market needs.
With the alarming state of college in Vietnam today, studying is the best choice to come to knowledge for students and students. It is not easy when you go to a foreign country, use another language, live in a new culture, and always find a way to adapt to the new environment. But you will receive worthy values ​​for your efforts. Studying is the best way to learn and develop your native language. To speak English, studying in England is a great option. Nowadays, foreign language ability is a prerequisite for you to apply for any positions or professions.

Modern schools in the United States, New Zealan, Canada, England, Australia, etc. are professional environments that have close links with international companies, creating more employment opportunities for students. . Group projects, group activities will help you develop your skills, showing you how to solve problems. When working in a team, you will better understand yourself. Each day your study abroad will be changes and progress in terms of awareness.

International students in developed countries are always more likely to be highly recruited by international corporations or companies. Just prove your knowledge, ability to act, improvise with every problem, your job opportunities are within reach. This is the reason that more and more young people want to study abroad.
4. Australia is constantly innovating education to become a premier education

Australia's economy is highly competitive. In recent years, Australia has been regarded as the most open economy in the world and the most dynamically developing among industrialized countries. Especially Australia is one of the few countries with a strong knowledge-based economy, with the ICT sector as the spearhead.
In April 2016, the government announced a national education strategy for the year 2025, and the education system will be renewed day by day to make Australia a global leader in global education.

Australia is developing education as a top national policy. The graduates' ability to recruit in this country will be a measure of success for the goal of becoming a leader in education. Education and training institutions are responsible for close contact with recruiting agencies to develop training programs for students, guaranteed by internship agreements and work-study regimes. Students are guaranteed access to modern knowledge and can apply immediately to the job.


With more than 22,000 courses and over 1,100 educational institutions, Australia is considered one of the most innovative and quality systems in a wide variety of academic disciplines. Australian universities are consistently ranked high in international training for attracting more international students. Each school has its own training objectives, self-determination in terms of content, training methods and regimen for students. Therefore, every year, the government will allocate funds to schools to develop curricula and develop themselves according to the general regulations of national education.
Australia is an attractive study destination. Currently, Australia has about 2.5 million international students enrolled, only behind the UK and the US; About 60,000 Vietnamese students study in Australia and Australian institutions in Vietnam. The result is that Australia has many special policies for international students. The SSVF visa policy, effective July 2016, replaces the SVP Priority Visa Verification Program, will simplify application procedures for Australian student visas, providing opportunities for many students to come to this country to study. . Each year the government spends more than 200 million AUD for scholarships to attract talented people. The legal system of the International Student Services (ESOS) provides the legal right to international students to support international students in cases of transfer or transfer. International students studying in Australia will have a degree in the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) issued by the Government, the quality of education and qualifications are recognized in most countries around the world.

Australia is a country not afraid to innovate education policy to attract talented people. In order to achieve the objective of the national strategy for international education 2025, the Australian education system is renewing day by day, bringing Australia to become a world leader in education, making Australia a multi-ethnic country. International members selected.

Nguyen Xuan Thoi, MBA
Education consultant



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