STUDY IN VIETNAM OR STUDY ABROAD: PART 2 - HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT MAJOR?
There are three criteria for high school students to choose careers in Vietnam: first, select the field of study they prefer; The second is the profession in which the children have more information; the third is based on the labor demand at that time, which is easy to find and easy to make money is selected.
1. Trends in the current study
The primary priority for students today is to continue to take the exams and study at local colleges and universities. Previously, about 85% of high school graduates each year will participate in college exams. By 2015 there will be 80%, in 2016 78% of students taking the college entrance examination.
It can be seen that the number of students enrolled in university entrance exams tends to decrease, but the number of students who wish to continue their studies is still high. Most of you will give yourself the opportunity to take the third university entrance exam, if you do not pass, then transfer to vocational training. A few of you will choose to study abroad, access to modern education in the world.
There are three criteria for high school students to choose careers in Vietnam: first, select the field of study they prefer; The second is the profession in which the children have more information; the third is based on the labor demand at that time, which is easy to find and easy to make money is selected. It is worth mentioning that they choose the industry subject to quite subjective criteria, not pay attention to the type of occupation is catching the trend. This is the reason why most students rush to study in industries that offer higher demand. The inevitable result will be UNEMPLOYMENT.
From the fact that found the requirements set with vocational guidance in Vietnam. Career guidance must provide a full range of information on the types of occupations; Orient students to understand themselves, apply their abilities to study and work effectively; The most important is to provide future indicators of social needs for each type of industry. The career guidance of the school is not really effective, not attract students, not create the link between business and the school.
2. How do I choose the right course of study?
First, make a choice based on your true taste. When you love, passionate about a certain industry, you will have the motivation to learn, explore, create and succeed. If you like numbers choose a field of mathematics, if you like drawing, choose a discipline related to design or creative arts. Upon completion of your degree you will have the background to find a career corresponding to your interests and expertise.
Second, choose a field based on your ability. The results of school years will be the most important indicator of your capacity. Find out the details of the discipline that you intend to see as your ability to meet, your skills are really relevant. If you find that your ability does not meet the requirements of the discipline then find a career that is more suitable.
Third, based on family circumstances when making a choice of field. To complete a four-year degree, the cost is not small. You should consider this investment based on the rate of employment opportunities you acquired after graduation. If you have a good job then the investment is worth it.
Finally, rely on social needs and future indicators. The industry you choose to study in which sector, the market needs a large amount, 10 years the field meets the requirements of the job. Do not just look at the current needs because there are things that will become obsolete after a few years, many jobs are gradually no longer a pressing need of society anymore, .
A survey conducted by the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) in early 2016 for first-year undergraduates at some universities has the following results: 65.4% of students do not understand Out of the purpose, meaning of the discipline of your choice; 50.8% do not know where to study and where to work. Therefore, 75.6% of students said they are less satisfied with their choice. These are the numbers that indicate the current status of study in our country.
To identify yourself most suitable for the industry, start with your hobbies, personality and condition. Pick out some jobs, then do small tests to eliminate them. Once you have identified the job you want to find the appropriate field and school. Or create friction to rethink yourself, you can attend lectures on different career groups, go to companies looking for material to learn, find a job to do More, talk to more friends.
Choosing the appropriate disciplines, career guidance is still the most important. However, vocational guidance in our country has not really created effective. In terms of numbers, there are too few vocational programs, while each year about 15 million students need counseling. In terms of quality, most vocational training courses provide only general information, failing to bridge the gap between business and the school, the consultants are not trained properly. The search for career information is a spontaneous development of students.
3. Choose the right course material is enough?
Many of you have chosen the right course of study, but graduation, holding a bright diploma in the hands still can not get a job. Why is that? Has the curriculum been practical? Have you developed skills in your studies? Is your foreign language good? Has the industry provided surplus labor market need?
Most of the time, when choosing a discipline that suits you, you all think that just graduating from college is a good way to find a job. But the reality is not so when higher education in Vietnam still has many inadequacies. The higher education system has to undergo major reforms every year. Our strategic vision of education is limited, and future career indicators are lacking in precision. The school has no link with businesses, not grasp the recruitment needs of enterprises. Therefore, the training content is theoretically theoretical, far from the reality is becoming increasingly backward. Human resources of the training schools do not meet the requirements of the sector of the profession. The unemployment rate increased rapidly while the market still required high quality human resources.
If Western countries view education as a government obligation to the community, education in Vietnam is turning into a trade. More and more universities are founded, massively trained by the movement, the main goal is to attract more students to make more profitable.
Many students now view learning as a duty to be fulfilled. It can be said that this is an educational consequence because there is no interaction between teachers and students. Higher education is still traditional, which means one-way communication from teachers to students. The interaction between students and teachers is not encouraged, and the interaction between groups in the same classroom is limited. Most students are becoming passive and self-reliant. They also have no sense of cultivating their own skills, learning a foreign language, or participating in academic research. It is easy to see the general condition at the university is that when the exam, the new students focus their energy to pay for the qualification.
Studying a theoretical theoretical education, passive teaching and learning methods that discourage the creativity and development of students, what percentage of opportunities will you have to recruit? Any business should pay attention to knowledgeable, dynamic people with communication skills and case management skills, able to work independently or in teamwork, law. If you meet these conditions then high-income employment opportunities are in your hands. But you know, according to a survey in January 2016, every six out of 10 businesses are unhappy about the quality of undergraduate and postgraduate education.
So choosing the right one is not enough. In addition to the field of study, there are many other factors that need to be transformed into a high quality workforce. Nowadays, there are a lot of people who choose to study in Europe, because more than anywhere else, Europe is the place to give you the perfect environment to make learning your optimal development process. Best.
4. Career from high school in Canada
Canada ranks sixth in the top 20 most educated countries in the world. With a strong economic development and high quality education, Canada is considered one of the many countries of study. Career guidance in this country is always respected.
Canadian students receive vocational guidance as soon as they begin high school. Each student is individually counseled for self-awareness, identification of his or her desires and abilities. In addition to Compulsory Mathematics and English, students will register for elective courses in their respective majors. If a student wishes to become a teacher of English and history, the teacher will provide the student with the most appropriate course list. There are about 8 subjects that are required next to their gifted. Every week, students must attend three tutorials for teachers in pre-school and elementary school classes. The student's job is to play, eat, study with children, and eventually to self-manage the classroom.
Each week, students work in gifted classes such as drama, shopping, painting, sports, photography, etc. In the music classes, you will learn to play the instruments, weekend teachers will take the students It's best to go to local theaters and theaters to practice, if you can excel at art shows abroad. It is an opportunity for students to cultivate theatricality and contact with real artists.
During high school, students will participate in many of the school's clubs. This is a great environment for students to express themselves and exchange their culture. In addition to practicing in the lab, students will be able to experience local practice, library management, part-time work at companies or workshops, etc. Reaching out to the realities helps students reevaluate themselves, see how they can really fit into the job. The results of these internships are assessed on a specific grading scale in the year-end results.
In Canada, college is not a top choice. Although not required to enter college, most students choose to attend college after graduating from high school. The reason is very practical because the cost of college is much lower than in college, and more than college, more emphasis is placed on performing and practicing. life.
If in Vietnam the value of the input to lighten the output, in contrast to Canada, although not enter the college but graduation is extremely difficult. Graduation points will be based on the student's professional competence and skill point. Therefore, whether a degree certificate or a bachelor's degree, master's degree or Ph.D. degree is a true testimony of the ability of the learner, will be accepted in most countries around the world. Canada deserves to be a leading country in education, attracting a large number of international students from all over the world every year to study and live.
Conclusion: With the current job orientation in Vietnam, the selection of the right majors is still difficult. However, just choosing the right discipline is not enough. The subjective and subjective factors from the education brought about can not guarantee students a good job in the future. So continue to study in university in Vietnam is the only choice right? Please read next period to find the answer.
Nguyen Xuan Thoi, MBA
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