Choose to study in Vietnam or study abroad: 1st period - hard to select career
Vietnamese people have tradition of studious learning. The common psychology of many is that they like to go to college and study. The house goes to school, the person goes to school, but goes to school because of the movement, because it wants to have a degree, not because of study. Education becomes a trade industry, meeting the need of "fast learning, study up" of society. As a result, the unemployment rate is rising each year, universities are still overloaded while the skilled labor force is not enough to meet the labor market.
1. Students passive, choose the discipline by the trent
There is an easy-to-see fact that in Vietnam, the children choose the field of study according to their parents' expectations. Most students are prepared by their parents from high school where they will take exams to which university to enter. With the experience of previous generations and the current trend of society, parents think their choices are always right and best for their children. They often choose the fashionable but saturated industries such as economics, finance, teachers, ... While many industries such as fashion design, interior design, website development, import-export, marketing, Less attention. It is predicted that in the next 10 years, industries in the fields of beauty care, hotels, restaurants, construction architecture, food technology, financial advisers will require a great deal of labor. However, most parents and students do not tend to learn about these professions.
Desire for success is a legitimate desire, but not all parents understand the ability and desire of the child. There are students who always have to do things they do not like, beyond their ability to cause serious consequences. There are also many cases that cause a severe reaction, discouraged students miss school. The consequences can be long after, when the career orientation is not right, students are out of the job or will go to work in the profession.
There are students still wondering at the last minute because they do not know which industry to choose to suit themselves. Too much information but no precise orientation makes their psychology more and more confused.
2. Current career status in Vietnam
In the past few years, career guidance for selective occupations has been implemented by a number of high schools. However, the number is quite small and also not bring positive effects. Career content is mainly about giving information about schools, not going into market analysis or pointing out what the students are capable of, and not stimulating the spirit of effort. For passion for students. The reason is due to the lack of a team of professional experts, extensive knowledge of the professions, the need for recruitment of businesses and career trends in the future. Universities and vocational training organizations do not pay much attention to the training of knowledgeable consultants and up-to-date information that changes from the market. Schools also do not have close links with colleges, universities or colleges, universities do not have close links with businesses, see what the real needs of businesses need. To train well for students. The search for academic disciplines, occupations and employment is still the result of student self-pity in the sea of information.
Some high schools invite colleges and universities for vocational counseling. In accordance with the process, career guidance must always precede the enrollment step, but in reality, colleges and universities only focus on introducing and answering the profession by the school to attract students to study. Students are concerned about the diversity of other professions that are not being met.
In 2017, some businesses have implemented high school career projects to provide students with useful information in advance of multi-dimensional options. These are practical projects, but only a few high school students in our country. If the project is deployed more extensive will create great effects in career orientation for the students.
Over the years, typical example is UE Study Company has also implemented many vocational projects for students in Ho Chi Minh City and some neighboring areas. Being the pioneer in organizing "Vocational Orientation for High School Students in Vietnam" from the perspective of businessmen and enterprises, bringing real and interesting sharing of labor situation, HR and recruitment needs of the business. In 2017, the EU will continue to implement a broader "Career Orientation Orientation" program that extends from the Central to the South, the Highlands. In an effort to spread practical values to the society, UE wishes to equip students with the most basic knowledge to choose a field that is relevant to their abilities, Combined the current integration process.
3. University and graduate school are still unemployed
The education system in our country is not complete, constantly reforming and in the process of comprehensive renovation. Almost every year, the Ministry of Education and Training has supplemented and amended laws in different levels of education, including higher education. At present, the content of the program is heavy on theoretical, far from reality and training is not aimed at the needs of society. Colleges and universities do not have close links with businesses, and do not grasp the demand for recruiting so training is not effective and businesses often have to retrain. Program content is not updated in the changing world so fast. Human resources directly in the system are not regularly fostered in modern teaching methods. As more and more universities are established, many disciplines are widespread without changing the needs and needs of everyday business and society.
Currently, there are 412 universities and colleges with 2.2 million students out of a population of 95 million, higher than the developed ones. In 2016, there were about 200,000 bachelors and masters unemployed. The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs predicts that by 2017, the number of unemployed people with a bachelor's degree will increase by more than 200,000 people compared to 2016. However,
The number of unemployed people has grown steadily, but companies still need large numbers of skilled, skilled and skilled workers. In most companies, there is a reclassification of labor after recruitment. Digging is a waste of time and money for workers and employers.
If you want to go to college, think about "out" when entering a school. Plan your own learning and practice, improve your own language and basic skills, and you will succeed. If you can not plan your future, look for another path. University education in Vietnam is not the only door, nor the last door to success.
4. Excessive human resources in the hot sector - lack of basic human resources
In recent years, the labor market in cities has always been characterized by an imbalance in the industry structure and skill levels. The reason for starting from training, first is the quality of training is not high, the second is training does not meet the labor market needs.
According to social trends, there have been some popular sectors such as accounting - auditing, finance - banking ... These are high income industries that are easy to apply for jobs. As a result, most colleges have industry codes, attracting hundreds of thousands of students each year. As a consequence, human resources are over-trained, causing surplus, only in the Hanoi market, the supply is 11.8 times higher than the social demand in 2015.
In the past, most parents wanted their children to become teachers - a respected profession in society and a stable income. Accordingly, many alarming numbers appeared. According to a report by the National Science Workshop, in 2016, the national teacher training target is up to 65,322 while the government requires about 55,000 teachers annually. By 2020, it is expected that Vietnam will have about 70,100 pedagogic graduates, the number of graduate masters and doctors graduated from the unemployed pedagogy will also increase non-stop.
The basic business lines are in line with current trends such as business, customer care staff, credit counseling - financial investment, mechanical engineering, warehouse management, technical staff , Beauty consultants, psychological consultants, network security, software development, etc., are lacking labor supply for the market. These trades are not well-trained and do not attract many students. Special careers such as beauty consultants, health care are spontaneously trained in a short time by the notion that these professions do not need to be learned in depth.
According to forecasts, the hot sectors that are currently popular as well as in the next five to 10 years in Vietnam will be marketing, health care, biotechnology, financial advisory, information collection and analysis. These professions have been well-trained since several decades in developed countries. The pre-training trend to adapt to the development of our education system is not really sharp, so the training industry is still struggling with many inadequacies.
Do students and families see the numbers for this unemployment rate? These numbers are constantly appearing daily in the media. But why is unemployment rising every year? Why students can not choose a suitable occupation? Why can not they master their futures with a certainty about the profession? The answer is still: they do not have a proper career orientation.
5. American Student Career Recipe
Prior to entering Grade 1, children in the United States must pass a test to check their English proficiency for admission. Babies are set to personal goals and receive the support of parents and teachers to accomplish that goal. Level 1 and Level 2 programs include general knowledge at the level of children. Students in America love to go to school, learning is fun, school is the best place to express themselves. From the elementary level, students will be instructed to think about their own interests and abilities. At a larger level, they are taught how to apply their talents to a particular profession. Secondary education begins in grades 9-12, with compulsory subjects and some elective courses. This method is applied flexibly, stimulating learning spirit for students, if possible, students can finish early school program. So in America, it's not surprising that you graduated from college at the age of 16. In addition to the school program, students are offered classes in football, football, piano, ballet, fine arts, etc. General education. At school, the mentoring staff (3-5 people) will accompany the students, helping students identify strong weaknesses, define the corresponding route to students determine the discipline, school for myself. The roadmap includes how to find information, create personal profiles, grades to be achieved in subjects, exams to pass in specific periods, points to note in the lessons Practice at school, ... Students can register to participate in the activities of the university, company or organization they wish to study with a referral from the teacher. These orientations help them understand the path to go and the goal to pursue.
Vocational education in high school is always respected in America. Integrating cultural and vocational education is a major trend for the United States to minimize the incidence of unemployment in society. Moreover, the United States also has an open policy on education, enabling learners to maximize themselves and their abilities. Flexibility in education is not just for US residents but for a wide range of people from all over the world.
Bottom line: The world is growing and changing day by day. In order to catch up with the world trend, young Vietnamese must have a sense of thinking and work independently, constantly improve their professional knowledge, develop their skills, ... In education there are many inadequacies such as Now in our country, you are prone to fall into a state of confusion when choosing the industry to pursue. So how to choose the industry right? Please read later.
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